Compare contrast essay hinduism islam

Founder Not credited to a particular founder. Prophet Muhammad. According to Islamic scripture, all people who follow God's revealed guidance and the messengers sent with it 'submit' to that guidance, and are considered Muslims ie. Adam, Moses, Abraham, Jesus, etc. Human Nature Depends on sects. Humans are born pure and innocent. Upon reaching adolescence, you are responsible for what you do, and must choose right from wrong.

Islam also teaches that faith and action go hand-in-hand. Clergy No official clergy. Gurus, Yogis, Rishis, Brahmins, Pundits, priests, priestesses, monks, and nuns. Imam leads congregational prayer in a mosque. Arya is not a dynasty, ethnicity or race. Anyone who follows the teachings of Vedas is considered Arya.


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Islam is derived from the Arabic root "Salema": peace, purity, submission and obedience. In the religious sense, Islam means submission to the will of God and obedience to His law.

A Comparison of Hindu and Muslim Caste System in Sub-Continent

A Muslim is one who follows Islam. Scriptures Vedas, Upanishad, Puranas, Gita. Smrti and Sruti are oral scriptures. The Qur'an, and traditions of the Holy Last messenger Muhammad, called 'Sunnah' which is found in narrations or 'hadiths' by the men around him. Marriage Man may marry one woman. However, kings in mythology often married more than one woman.

Islam is totally opposed to monasticism and celibacy. Marriage is an act of Sunnah in Islam and is strongly recommended. Men can only marry the "people of the book" i. Women can only marry a Muslim man. Followers Hindus.


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Muslims Confessing sins Repentance for unintentional sins are prescribed, but intentional sins have to be repaid through karmic consequences. Forgiveness must be sought from God, there is no intermediary with him. If any wrong is done against another person or thing, forgiveness must first be sought from them, then from God, as all of God's creation have rights that must not be infringed View of the Buddha Some Hindu sects claim Buddha was an avatar of Vishnu.

Others believe he was a holy man. Islamic scripture does not discuss or mention Gautam Buddha. Original Language s Sanskrit Arabic Religious Law Dharma shastras Shariah law derived from Quran and Hadith governs prayers, business transactions, and individual rights, as well as criminal and governmental laws.

Religious debate, or 'Shura' is utilized for practical solutions to contemporary issues Geographical distribution and predominance Mainly in India, Nepal and Mauritius. There are 1.

Hinduism and Islam, A Comparison of Beliefs and Practices

By the percentage of the total population in a region considering themselves Muslim, Population 1 Billion. Muhammad's name in calligraphy is common. There is also the black standard that says "There is no god but God and Muhammad is the last messenger of God" in Arabic. The star and crescent is not Islam per se; it is inspired by the Ottoman empire. Status of women Women can become priestesses or nuns. Women are given equal rights as men.

The prophet said "Do good to and serve your mother, then your mother, then your mother, then your father, then the near relatives and then those who come after them. Principle To follow dharma, i. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent. Other scriptures are more philosophical than religious.

Definition and Antiquity

Beliefs vary. Some believe that all spiritual paths lead to the same God. Christians and Jews are regarded as the people of the book, who hold a great deal of respect over materialists but are disbelievers far from the correct path. Islam consists of individuals who believe in Allah, a deity whose teachings its followers—Muslims—believe were recorded, verbatim, by the god's last prophet, Muhammad. Day of worship Orthodox schools prescribe three prayer times a day: at dawn, noon and dusk.

Prayer five times daily is obligatory. Friday is the day of congregational prayer, obligatory for men, but not for women. God's role in salvation Beliefs vary by sect.

Hinduism vs Islam - Difference and Comparison | Diffen

Upanishads scripture say God chooses who gets salvation. Salvation is attained via good deeds and righteousness following the "dharma" and avoiding sin You are judged according to your efforts to do good and avoid sinful behaviors, oppression, etc. God will judge your deeds and intentions.

A person must believe in God and follow His commandments. Deeply loved and revered in Islam. The last Prophet, but is not worshipped. Only God the creator is worshipped in Islam; God's creation including prophets are not considered worthy of worship. Belief Diverse beliefs depending on sects. Hindus themselves, call their religion "Sanatana Dharma, " meaning "Eternal Law. E C. Status of Vedas Vedas are generally regarded as sacred in Hinduism.

Post-Vedic texts like the Gita are also revered. She is said by the Prophet Muhammad to be one of the four best women that God created. She is free of sin as the mother of Jesus. Prophets No prophets, but Rishis could be considered equivalent in Vedic times. Avataras of Vedic God are different from human reincarnations, but could be considered equivalent to Christian idea of God in flesh.


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God sent thousands of divinely inspired messengers to guide mankind. There are , prophets, who were sent to all the world's nations. Shiites believe they are the successors of Ali; Sunnis regard them as their clergy.

Muslims believe Jesus to be a perfect, sinless, highly revered Prophet and a messenger of God. Jesus was immaculately conceived through God, but is not God or the son of God. A great prophet and a perfect, sinless example of the divine guidance of God. Virtue on which religion is based upon Follow righteousness. Tawheed oneness of God ; Peace No. Some mythological stories include rishis, who sometimes serve as the messengers of God. Angels are created from light and remain unseen as they worship and follow God's commands.

Concept of God God is in everything and everything is God.